I found a set of linguistics puzzles on the web, which I’ve had a good time working my way through. Some of the later puzzles don’t have any available solutions, so I’m going to reduplicate one puzzle with its solution as well as the way I worked out the solution.
Tag Archives: alphabet
Turkish and Modern Greek have language games like English’s Pig Latin. These two languages’ games are syllable based like Pig Latin and show signs of being related to each other. For example, Modern Greek’s game is called Korakistika, which translates to ‘Language of Blackbirds.’ Likewise, the Turkish game is called Ķus Dili which literally means ‘Bird Language.’ Barıs Kabak, “Hiatus Resolution in Turkish: an Under Specification Account,” Lingua (2006) 15. Besides the similarities in these two names the game rules are almost exact duplicates. Language games offer some pretty valuable opportunities to explore the grammatical rules languages have.
“[The Proto-Indo-Europeans] occupied a part of the world — the steppes — where the sky is by far the most striking and magnificent part of the landscape, a fitting environment for people who believed that all their most important deities lived in the sky.” (Anthony 99)
John’s second letter is the shortest book in the entire bible. There are only ten full sentences. Here’s the first:
 Ο ΠΡΕΣΒΥΤΕΡΟΣ ἐκλεκτῇ κυρίᾳ καὶ τοῖς τέκνοις αὐτῆς, οὓς ἐγὼ ἀγαπῶ ἐν ἀληθείᾳ, καὶ οὐκ ἐγὼ μόνος ἀλλὰ καὶ πάντες οἱ ἐγνωκότες τὴν ἀλήθειαν,  διὰ τὴν ἀλήθειαν τὴν μένουσαν ἐν ἡμῖν, καὶ μεθ᾽ ἡμῶν ἔσται εἰς τὸν αἰῶνα:  ἔσται μεθ᾽ ἡμῶν χάρις ἔλεος εἰρήνη παρὰ θεοῦ πατρός, καὶ παρὰ Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ τοῦ υἱοῦ τοῦ πατρός, ἐν ἀληθείᾳ καὶ ἀγάπῃ.
Ancient Egyptian branches off a language family known as Afro-Asiatic. Egyptian has no close relatives within this family because it forms its own branch, but its Afro-Asiatic membership explains some basic grammatical functions it shares with other languages like Modern Arabic and Hebrew. Egyptian changed a lot from when the first hieroglyphics were created (around 3100 BCE) until the language’s death. It is divided into two forms each form is further divided into three stages. The first form spanned 3000 to 1300 BCE divided into Old, Middle and Late Middle Egyptian. The second form lasted until1500 CE, divided chronologically into Late Egyptian, Demotic, and finally Coptic. This post is about reading hieroglyphics from the language’s first form.